Abstract Example

Abstract Example

Prevalence of Soil-Transmitted Helminths in Rural Communities of Khon Kaen Province, Northeast Thailand

Chivorn Leang,1,* Apiporn Thinkhamrop,2 Sasithorn Kaewkes,1,3 Thewarach Laha,1 John F. Smith,1 Banchob Sripa1,3,**

1 Tropical Medicine International Graduate Program, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen 40002, Thailand

2 Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen 40002, Thailand

3 Tropical Disease Research Laboratory, Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen 40002, Thailand

* Presenter  **e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

(Max. 350 words)

Abstract: Soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections are still a major public health problem in rural Thailand due in part to poor personal hygiene and lack of systematic health education. From November to December 2015 a community-based cross-sectional survey was conducted  on the prevalence of STH infections among  villagers in rural communities in Khon Kaen Province, northeastern Thailand. A total 260 stool samples from participants in 5 villages were examined using agar plate culture and formalin-ethyl acetate concentration (FECT) methods. Results showed that of  4 STH parasitic infections examined for, i.e., Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura, hookworm, and Strongyloides stercoralis, only S. stercoralis infection was detected  (42/260, 16%).  Prevalence in each village ranged from 4.1% to 31.8%. Agar plate culture method detected 41 cases of S. stercoralis while only 12 cases were detected by FECT. Gender and age were significantly associated with the infection; males more likely to be infected than females. Older people (age over 60) had higher prevalence compared to younger age groups. In conclusion, S. stercoralis was found to be the major STH infection in rural communities in Khon Kaen province. More intensive community health education is necessity to promote healthy hygiene practices to prevent STH parasite transmission and infection.         

Keywords: Soil-transmitted helminths, Strongyloides stercoralis, prevalence, Khon Kaen, Thailand

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